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Black Hmong, Vietnam

(Hmong, also known in Vietnam as Mieu Toc, Meo or Man Trang, in Thailand as Meo and Miao in China.  They are also present in Laos and Myanmar)

The Hmong are around the eighth largest minority group in Vietnam where they are also known as Meo, Man Trang and Mieu Toc.  The Hmong sub-groups present in Vietnam include  Hmong Xanh (Green Hmong), Hmong Do (Red Hmong), Hmong Hoa (Variegated Hmong) Hmong Den (Black Hmong) - the group illustrated below - and Na Mieo.  They are sub-groups of the Miao people, the majority of whom live in China.  Around the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th they emigrated from China to Vietnam and built villages in highland regions of Ha Gian and Lao Cai provinces.  

The photos in this gallery were taken in October 1995 in and around the town of Sa Pa located in Lao Cai Province, formerly Hoang Lien Son Province, about 350 km. from Hanoi, in north-west Vietnam and the population center for Sa Pa District. 

See also Black Hmong baby carriers.  For photogalleries of other Hmong groups in Vietnam see Red Hmong and Flowery Hmong.

all text & images Pamela A Cross

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Click on thumbnail for full size images.  Click on large image to return here

to Jpeg 25K Climbing over the pass near Fan Si Peak in the mountains to the north of Sa Pa 9510H17.JPG

to Jpeg 28K One of the streets of Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510H32.JPG

to Jpeg 26K Climbing over the pass near Fan Si Peak in the mountains to the north of Sa Pa 9510H18.JPG

to Jpeg 31K Black Hmong man striding through the streets of Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510I10.JPG

to Jpeg 30K Black Hmong young men walking home from Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province.  Note the various styles to wear the trousers! 9510I22.JPG

to Jpeg 31K Black Hmong Woman carrying her baby home from Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province in an embroidered and batiked baby carrier  9510I23.JPG

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to Jpeg 30K Black Hmong workmen in the streets of Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510I19.JPG

to Jpeg 49K Black Hmong women trading old clothing with western tourists in the streets of Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province.  Some of the clothing has been over-dyed with turquoise or purple chemical dyes. 9510H34.JPG

to Jpeg 28K Black Hmong workers returning to their villages outside Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510I24.JPG

to Jpeg 30K Black Hmong man with a young girl - probably his granddaughter - on his back, in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province.  Note the beautifully embroidered collar back on his sleeveless indigo dyed jacket. 9510K13.JPG

to Jpeg 47K Young Black Hmong boy with a bamboo stick with a wheel inserted in it's end in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510I29.JPG

to Jpeg 30K Black Hmong man with a young girl - probably his granddaughter - in a baby carrier on his back, in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province.  9510I28.JPG

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to Jpeg 30K Black Hmong houses in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510I34.JPG

to Jpeg 29K Black Hmong girls climbing back to their village in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510K15.JPG

to Jpeg 28K Black Hmong fabric hanging on the line in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province.  The dark narrow weave strips will be hand woven indigo dyed cotton or hemp drying and oxidising after one of the many dippings it will have had in the indigo dye bath. 9510J03.JPG

to Jpeg 32K Black Hmong children herding the goats in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510I35.JPG

to Jpeg 31K Black Hmong man in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province returning home from the rice harvest with a rice thresher on his back,  9510K18.JPG

to Jpeg 13K A ruined church left from the French occupation in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province.  Note the terraced fields in the foreground. 9510I33.JPG

to Jpeg 26K Black Hmong girl near a school in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510J10.JPG

to Jpeg 22K Black Hmong father and young son in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province. 9510J09.JPG

to Jpeg 21K Young Black Hmong girl with her school mates outside their school in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510J14.JPG

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Jpeg 46K Young Black Hmong boy near a school in the hills of Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province - note the embroidered collar on his jacket.  In common with many Hmong groups in Vietnam and Thailand the embroidery is on the underside of the collar. 9510I37.JPG

to Jpeg 33K Black Hmong girl looking after a young boy in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510J07.JPG

to Jpeg 24K Black Hmong boy walking home from school in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510K11.JPG

to Jpeg 37K Looking down onto the terraced fields with the rice harvest at the lower levels in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510J06.JPG

to Jpeg 42K The terraced rice fields worked by the Black Hmong in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510K19.JPG

to Jpeg 37K Black Hmong harvesting the rice in the fields at the bottom of a valley in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510K20.JPG

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to Jpeg 41K Black Hmong boy resting at the side of the road after threshing the rice in the fields in the hills around Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510K22.JPG

to Jpeg 23K Black Hmong woman talking to tourists in the streets of Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510I17.JPG

to Jpeg 26K French built church in Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9510K23.JPG

to Jpeg 40K Embroidered underside of a collar on a Black Hmong boy's sleeveless jacket.  This was purchased in Hanoi but similar to those from Black Hmong groups in the Sa Pa area, Lao Cai province 9511A29.JPG

to Jpeg 59K Black Hmong woman's embroidered sash purchased from a Black Hmong woman in Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9511A27.JPG

to Jpeg 53K The embroidered underside of a collar cut off a Black Hmong sleeveless jacket purchased from a Black Hmong woman in Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province 9511A25.JPG

See also Black Hmong baby carriers | Red Hmong | Flowery Hmong

Click on thumbnail for full size images.  Click on large image to return here

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this page last updated 1 January, 2004